Thane Basic

History

Throughout recorded history the city has left its mark under various names. However, it's present-day name is said to be derived from Sthan or Sthanaka, the capital of the Shilahara kings of Konkan.

The earlist evidence of Thane appears in the works of the Greek geographer, ptolemy, who, in his writings ( 135 - 150 AD) refers to a place called Chersonesus, which, according to researches, is the area around Thane creek.

The city crops up again in the Middle Ages and slabs and copper plates dating back to the period have been discovered in Thane. One of them, dug up from the foundations of Thane Fort in 1787, dated 1078 AD, is apparently a land grant from Arikesara Devaraja, sovereign of the city of Tagara, wherein he address the inhabitants of a city called Sri Sthanaka.

The great Venetian traveller Macro Polo too, in the course of his wandering set foot in Thane in 1290 AD. He describes the city as a greatkingdom, which apparently had a well-developed port, for he mentions a continous traffic of ships, and merchants trading and exporting leather, buckram, cotton, and importing horses.In fact, the present day Ghodbunder is said to be the site where horses were unloaded from ships.

Friar Jordanus, a great traveller, who visited the city between AD 1321 and 1324, describes it as being under a Muslim governer. He leaves a detailed sketch of early Christians in Thane and refers to the martyrdom of four Christian priests in the region, more than 200 years before the Portuguese ever set foot in India.

The celebrated Ibn Batuta and Abul Feda, contemporaries of Friar Jordanus, also came here. They refer to Thane as Kukin Tana and speak of its fame as a port from which ships sailed to the gulf carrying a kind of cloth called 'Tanasi' which was produced in Thane. Duarte Barbosa, a noted traveller, described Thane by the name Tana Mayambu 25 years before the portuguese conquest.

He paints a vivid picture of the town as one of Moorish mosques and temples, with many pleasant gardens.

The portuguese came to Thane about 1530 and ruled for over 200 years till 1739. Thane was then known as Cacabe de Tana. Work on the Thane Fort began in 1730.

The Marathas, who conquered Bassein and Thane in 1737 and 1739, held sway over the region till 1784, when the British captured thr Fort and ruled Thane, then also called Tana. They made it the headquarters of the district administration with a district collector stationed in Thane. The Thane Muncipal Council was formed in 1863 when the city had a population of 9000 souls.

After independence, Thane grew slowly and attained the status of an industrial town in the 60's and 70's. There was also a corresponding growth in trade, transport and construction activities, which picked up tremendously in the 80's. The 90's has seen the city burgeoning ahead, with great stride in construction and housing. The population has also increased manifold and Thane now occupies pride of place as a prime suburb and is all set to make its mark in the next millennium.


Parsik tunnel is a railway tunnel which cuts across the Parsik Hill in Thane photo courtesy : http://irctcnewsgroup.in/

Year

Events

997

Capital of Shrilahar King

1340

Ibna-Batula wrote about Thane

1663

St. Jon Baptist Church built

1754

Subhedar Bivalkar of Peshwa was staying in the old district Court building

1760

Kaupineshwar Mandir renovated by Subhedar Bivalkar

1774

Thane population crosses 9000.

1780

Parsee Agyari built Deshavji Sorabji Rustomji Patel.

1818

Vithal Mandir on Station Road

1821

B.J.School started

1824-1827

Collector office built

1835-1836

Civil Hospital built

1838

Thane Fort is converted to Thane Prison

1850

Population 11120

1853

Bombay - Thane Railway Line
First rail train started from Bombay to Thane at 3.30 pm on 16/04/1853 with 400 passengers

1855

Railway station bridge constructed

1863

Thane Muncipal Corporation inauguration on 10/03/63

1863

Thane - Kalwa ridge

1866

First Weekly "Arunodhya". Editor K.V.Phadke

1879

Israil Jew Church built
Jain Temple on Tembhi Naka built

1881

Pokhran lake built

1882

Panvel Taluka transferred from Thane to Raigad

1890

M.H. High School started with 34 students

1898

L.K.Bhave wrote book Maharashtra Saraswat giving information on old Marathi literature

1901

Mental Hospital built

1910

Freedom Fighter 'Kanhere' hanged in Thane jail

1914

Kalwa Bridge near Colour Chem completed

1916

Gaondevi Temple built

1922

Central Maidan resumed as Play ground Area 19380 sq. yards)

1923

Noori Baba Darga built

1926

Electric railway line on Kurla - Thane section

1928

Electric railway line on Thane - Kalyan section

1932

Dr. Bedekar Vidya Mandir started

1935

Brahaman Shikshan Mandal

1940

Prabhat Theatre built

1948

Shop & Establishment Act made applicable to Thane

1950

Marathi Grantha Sangrahalaya Building

1954

Mansunda Tank cleared

1955

State Bank of India started

1957

Mulund area joined to Bombay corporation

1958

Thane Rotary Club started

1959

New Station Road parallel to Old Station Road built.

1960

Thane Student H.C. Pradhan stood first in S.S.I. Exam

1962-65

Raymond, Modella, Voltas, Kores, Colourchem, Roche, Nocil, PIL, etc.

1969

Underground drainage for Thane city

1972

New Thane Creek bridge joining Sion and Panvel completed.

1977

MSEB started Electric Supply

1978

TSSIA first big meeting of Small Scale Industries at St. John Baptist Hall - Cheif Guest George Fernandes

1979

Gadkari Rangayatan - Drama Theatre inaugurated

1980

Dnyan Sadhana College started

1981

Thane Population 4.72 Lakhs

1982

1st Oct. Thane Municipality changed to Thane Corporation

1984

Air survey of Thane area by TMC.



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