FEATURE 15 May 2013

What after Class 12th?

Overseas Education Consutent in ThaneHave you appeared for your class 12th exams and are waiting for the results? It is now time for you to take a decision about your career plans. A concrete plan about your future needs to be drawn at this juncture which will in turn determine the course of your professional life.

These are the initial years that will shape your career. Stiff competition and plenty of options can often leave students confused. To weed out the thorns of confusion, you first need to analyze your interests, hobbies, inclination, potentiality and opportunities. It is often said that if you choose your career based on your interest and hobby, the success rate as well as satisfaction level will be very high. If you do what you love, you will never need to "work" a single day in your life. Do not choose any career under the influence of friends or parents. Give priority to your potential and interest. It should be the sole criteria for selecting a career.

Choose your career on the basis of the following aspects:
- Area of interest
- Personality
- Aptitude
- Assess your strength and weakness
- Skills
- Possibility and Opportunities
- Capability
- Feasibility and guidance
- Nature of work
- Financial aid and scholarship

In the coming years, a majority (85%) of the jobs will require people with some education and training. So it is advisable that you go for specialized education rather than sticking to just basic degrees. A little training or practical education would be a shot in the arm.

Here are a few popular options you can consider after class 12:

Management Stream

Business management is today one of the most sought-after careers. For aspirant in the employment market, this has opened limitless opportunity in diverse spheres with the promise of rewards in the form of good remuneration, status and scope for professional and personal growth. Moreover, in this achievement-oriented profession where results count more than year of experience, bright and hardworking young people can rise to top positions fairly quickly. After class 12, students can opt for management courses at bachelors level like Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA), Bachelor of Business Studies (BBS), Bachelor of Business Studies (BBS) and Bachelor of Financial and Investment Analysis (BFIA).

Areas of work

  • Personal Management or Human Resources Development
  • Finance
  • Production and Operation
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Management Information Systems

There are also some special areas for work in business management that is a particular type of business management.

  • International Management - deals in all areas of international trade and business.

  • Operational Research - using mathematical analysis for solving financial and production problems.

  • Technology Management - specializes in all aspects of technology, including financing and marking.

  • Management Consultancy - responsible for identifying and correcting problems concerned company policies, procedures and methods.

  • Public System Management – deals with management of public enterprises, non-government organization and cooperatives.

  • Hospital Management – deals with the efficient running of hospitals and health care organizations.

  • Hotel Management - concentrates on all aspects of hospitality and hotel administration.

  • Rural Management - utilizing management practices for managing agro-based and other village industries as also marketing rural products.

  • Forest Management - Responsible for handling the administration and marketing of forest-related projects and products for forest development.

  • Disaster Management - this comes into action during the times of natural calamities and disasters and is involved with reconstructing and rehabilitating disaster-stricken people and managing relief materials and other resources.

  • Leisure & Event Management – deals with the management of leisure-related activities, clubs, parks and events.

Computers & IT stream

Of late, computers have become an integral part of our daily lives. From schools to workplaces, they have claimed a dominant position because of their many useful functions. Computers allow people with disabilities to lead a normal life and enable them to work from home.

So if the field of computers and information technology interests you, then you can opt for computers as your career destination after your 12th class. There are a lot of career options in this field ranging from data entry operator to software engineer, from web designing to web developing and so on.

Several professional undergraduate and postgraduate courses are offered in computers and IT by noted institutions as well as other private institutes across the country.

Engineering stream

If the intricacy of numbers thrills you, the theories and laws of physics interest you and experiments of chemistry ignite your mind to create something new, then engineering is the right prospect for you after 10+2.

Engineering is one of the most preferred career options after 10+2. Most of the students having 10+2 degree with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics opt for engineering as their career option.

So if you have already decided to go for engineering, you need to have a good command over mathematics, physics and chemistry as these are the prerequisites to get into a good engineering college. Apart from that you need to secure 60% marks in 10+2 to get into elite IITs. But if you have not secured 60% marks in intermediate examination, then you need not to worry because we have several options beyond IITs.

Students need to qualify engineering entrance exams like JEE Main, JEE Advanced and other state level engineering exams to get admission into B.Tech, B.E, B.Arch courses which are offered by various noted engineering colleges.

While choosing engineering as a career a few things that one needs to keep in mind are

  • Do I have the interest in mathematics, physics and chemistry?

  • Do I have the thorough understanding of these subjects and will I be able to clear all the engineering papers and complete my course in the prescribed 4 years.

Engineering is a combination of mathematics, science and creativity. This combination has resulted into the solution of several complex problems in our day-to-day life ranging from wheels to aircraft's.

Engineering can also be defined as an art of relating scientific and mathematical principles to make things that benefit people. Engineering is the process of producing a technical product or system to meet a specific need.

Engineers use maths, science, creativity and design to solve problems and improve lives. So it's very important for you to be a good hand in mathematics and science.

Medical stream

If you hadPhysics, Chemistry and Biology in class XII then you can consider a career in medicine and related fields.

Considered to be a noble profession, a lot of students aspire to become a doctor after 10+2. So, if you have decided to get into a medical college you need to appear for an entrance exam conducted by several regulatory bodies including CBSE. Since 2013, the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Under Graduate courses (NEET-UG) will be conducted at an all India level aims to relieve the need of students to appear in multiple tests and promote merit in admission process. NEET UG will allow class XII students to sit in a single entrance examination to get admission to the MBBS course in almost all medical colleges in India, including private medical colleges.

Medical entrance examinations are also conducted by noted medical colleges like All Indian Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) for admission to their MBBS courses.

If not MBBS, there are various other options available for you such as Dentistry, Pharmacy, Ayurveda, Veterinary Science, Homeopathy and other allied branches of medical science.

Distance & Online Education

With changing times, regular colleges are no longer the only option to pursue higher studies. A student can opt for various courses through correspondence as well as Distance Education.

There are few important aspects, which should be considered before starting the expedition for further studies.

  • If you want to enhance your educational or professional skills but cannot devote full time to it

  • If you are working, and want to study side by side.

  • If you want to do additional/ full time courses along with your studies

  • Do you want to seek experience along with your studies?

  • Do you need an immediate job along with your studies due to some family crisis?

If any of the above mentioned questions have an affirmative reply but do not know what to do then Distance education is all what you need.

Vocational Courses

The changing face of technology has increased the demand of specialization in education. Vocational Education training (VET) institutes impart specialized and practical knowledge to the student and help them become independent and successful in life. Vocational education training institutes impart graduation and post graduation courses to students.

The best part of the institute is that even working student can join the course, and even select the timings as per their convenience and nature of job. The vocational institutes allow the students to study online and attend either evening or morning classes. Moreover, financial aid is provided to students who are economically weak. Paying for education can be unaffordable for many. These days school fee is found to be skyrocketing. This deprives children from getting their primary education. But with the change in time and attitude these children are taken care of and are left with wider option of vocational education. There was a time when people were superstitious letting their children get into vocational education program. They considered their association with vocation education will degrade their status in society as only low strata children studied there. But with the change in time, the attitude of people is changing. They look for business specialization training program and the vocational program dealt with such options, and gave a better chance to the children.

The faculty of these Vocational education training institutes is highly experienced. They impart practical knowledge to their students. As a result the students are able to have a real life and practical industry experience. The students are also provided with internships. They are also provided with stipend for their internships. This gives motivation to perform better and excel in their jobs.

There are various vocational education training located in the country. In fact, every state has vocational institutes where the residents of the place can earn the degrees and become part of a specialized workforce. The vocational course offered can range from culinary arts, bar tending, becoming a massage expert, cook to graphic designer, pottery, dyeing expert, nursing, business administrator, restaurant and management These days with the rage of technology, the vocational program is more technically oriented as it ranges from Web Designing to Information Technology. The other vocational courses that are included in the vocational course are business, accounting, fashion designing and animation. Majority of these training institutes work as per the rules and regulations of state education department. It is the education department of state or the central government that grants recognition to a training institute.

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